Blog

Typing test sample text for chandigarh admin clerk exam

Two men, both seriously ill, occupied the same hospital room. One man was allowed to sit up in his bed for an hour each afternoon to help drain the fluid from his lungs. His bed was next to the room’s only window. The other man had to spend all his time flat on his back. The man talked for hours on end. Every afternoon when the man in the bed by the window could sit up, he would pass the time by describing his roommate all the things he could see outside the window.

The window overlooked a park with a lovely lake. Ducks and swans played on the water while children sailed their model boats. There were flowers of every color and a fine view of the city skyline could be seen in the distance. As the man by the window described all this in exquisite details, the man on the other side of the room would close his eyes and imagine the picturesque scene. One warm afternoon the man by than window descried a parade passing by. Although the other man couldn’t hear the band – he could see it in his mind’s eye as the gentleman by the window portrayed it with descriptive word. Days and weeks passed. One morning, the day nurse appeared with water for their baths only to find the lifeless body of the man by the window, who had died peacefully in his sleep. She was saddened and called the hospital attendants to take the body away.

As soon as it seemed appropriate, the other man asked if he could he moved next to the window. The nurse was happy to make the switch, and after making sure he was comfortable, she left him alone. Slowly painfully, he propped himself up on one elbow to take his first look at the real world outside. He strained to slowly turn to look out the window beside the bed. It faced a black wall. The man asked the nurse what could have compelled his deceased roommate who had described such wonderful things outside this window. The nurse responded that the man was blind and could not even see the wall. She said, “Perhaps he just wanted to make you feel better”. The ray of Sunshine is appropriate that what could have compelled the decreased and described things outside this window. The window portrayed it with descriptive words when days and weeks passed.

world war 2 history

Dictators like Hitler may have bad days, yet that deter many of the present day politicians from dreaming about possessing dictatorial powers, especially in the backward and politically immature countries. It hold true. Not only that people, who see no progress being made through the democratic processes, wish for someone to assume all powers, become mighty and unchallenged and lift the country from the rut in which it happens to have fallen. The vices of all powerful authority are forgotten, its capacities exalted and its capabilities ascribed. Only when it fails to fulfill their expectations, the people realize that all the talk was empty and hollow. How soon we become prey to the design which presents before us a rosy and glamorous picture.

Could Hobbes be wrong, when he talked of social contract theory and pointed out that for food and order people became lambs and accepted lion? History, a record of the past events, is taught at school and colleges not necessarily because the past of the country is worth remembering, but that the student may learn a little from the mistakes of the past. Army officers are made to analyze the wars of the yesteryears so that they should pick up and plan the strategy of the next ones in a better manner. The politicians know that the British could rule the nations of the world, by a simple policy know that the British could rule the nations of the world, by a simple policy of divide and rule and most of the politicians and political parties use the age of methods successfully.

Antony’s power of oration by which he could carry the masses with him is envied by the statesmen. Man by his very nature is prone to commit mistakes and repeat them. History may teach him that suppression and oppression of the common masses will ultimately ruin and destroy him. Nothing durable can be achieved by force, said Napoleon. But man never learns for history. Two world wars and hundreds of other small and big wars have been confident, that no chagez Khan or Taimurlang can chop off his head without any rhyme or reason and that there is the writ of Habeas corpus, but he forgets that the devastation caused by the explosion of an atomic bomb becomes unmindful. The scene of Hiroshima and Nagasaki has not checked the atomic race.

Sports are indispensable in the system of Modern Education

Sports are indispensable in the system of Modern Education. Educational system is definitely incomplete without sports. In ancient times school or college education meant, academic education, the class room education and other activities were considered extra and useless. They were taken a mere wastage of time. But in the modern education, the need and importance of sports has properly been recognized. It has been felt that academic or class room education is only a part of education that stresses upon mental development of the child and the physical, social, psychological and cultural development remains untouched and the child when comes out of the educational institution, is only partially developed. The modern  education stresses upon all-round and balanced development of a child which is never possible without outdoor activities-sports. Famous General Willington who had defeated Napoleon in ‘Waterloo’ had said, “The war of Waterloo was won in the play grounds of eaten and Darby”. It evidently speaks of the qualities which are gained in the play grounds.

Playing, laughing, jumping and dancing are but natural for a man as is food when he feels hungry. But at some occasions, we show disrespect to games, though in ignorance, and do not let our small children play. A student who gets distinctions in games and sports, is not given that much respect which a student with academic scholarship is given. It is a general view and thinking that the sports student are weak and incapable of getting any academic distinction. In fact, all kinds of students need sports as well as classroom personality having comparable to others. Every student is an independent personality having individual qualities. Only a healthy body can have healthy mind and it is possible only if the personality of a child has a balanced development through classroom and out of classroom activities.

Sports, play an important role in the development of education and human character. The quality of equality and brotherhood, are developed in the play grounds. Obedience to elders is also learnt there. The captain of the team is the leader of all. The quality leadership is also a result of the sports and games. Best use of time, getting work from younger’s, infuses confidence in them and them to prepare them to obey you, are the qualities which the students learn from sports and games.

Leaving aside everything else, games keep their body healthy and in order. This society requires a healthy body and does not need a pale colored and deep eyed Skelton. A healthy student can fight all the odds of his life successfully. Games not only keep the body healthy but also refresh the mind. Games provide the student alertness of body and mind. Good games bring ability of mind for quick decisions. These qualities and also got in the play ground. Sports also create a habit of playing good games that work miracle in building their character and control over self.

Bhai Maharaj Singh (Nihal Singh)

He was born in village Rabbon near Malaud, Ludhiana Distrtict in a Grewal family. Bhi Maharaj Singh’s parents named him Nihal Singh. As a young lad, he went to stay at Bhai Bir Singh’s Dera at Naurangabad where he did relentless exemplary service for many years. He took Amrit at the hands of Bhai Bir Singh and was given the name Bhagwan Singh. Bhhai Maharaj Singh, the spiritual leader and fervent Sikh nationalist, is the first freedom fighter of India of note4 who took up weapons against the British rule in 1847, ten years before the First war of Independence. Maharaj Singh revolutionary career started with the Prema conspiracy case involving him in a plot to murder the British resident, Henry Lawrence, and other pro-British officers of the Lahore. Bhai Maharaj Singh intensified his activities against the British when he came to know that Diwan Mul Raj had in April 1848 raised a standard of revolt against them at Multan. He left for Multan with 400 horsemen to join hands with Mul Raj. But soon differences arose between the two leaders and Maharaj Singh left Multan for Hazara in June 1848 to seek chatar Singh Atarivala’s assistance in his plans to dislodge the British darbar. Thereafter he took part in the battles of chelianvala and Gujrat, but when Raja Sher Singh surrendered to the British at Rawalpindi on 14 March 1849, he resolved to carry on the fight single-handed. He escaped to Jammu and made Dev Batala his secret headquaters. In December 1849, he went to Hoshiarpur and visited the Sikh regiments to enlist their support. He fought fervently till he was arrested on December 29, 1849, and imprisoned in Outram Jail Singapore where he died on 5th July 1856.

Sardar Ajit Singh (2 February 1881-15 August 1947)–

He was born at Khatkarkalan village in Jalandhar (now Nawanshahr) District, the son of Arjan singh and Jai Kaur. He was uncle of Sardar Bhagat Singh. Ajit Singh was one of the first men in the Punjab to openly show resentment of the high-handedness of the British rulers and publicly criticize the government. Even as a child he questioned the ‘Salaam’ (bowing in courtesy) that his elder grandfather did to younger men. He thought British Sahibs (masters) were ill mannered and too stupid of being able to learn to speak Punjai any better than a child. He was declared a political rebel and had to spend many years of his life in jails or in exile from India. In 1907, he was deported to Mandalay Jail in Burma along with Lala Lajpat Rai. After his release, he escaped to Iran. From there, he traveled to Rome, Geneva, Paris and Rio de Janeiro. In 1918, he came in close contact with the Ghadar Party in San Francisco. In 1939, he returned to Europe and later on helped Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in his mission in Italy. In 1946, he came back to India at the invitation of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. After spending some time in Delhi, he went to dalhousie. He breathed his last on August 15, 1947, after India got its Independence. His last words were, “Thank God, my mission is fulfilled.”

Lala Lajpat Rai:

An outstanding figure among Punjab freedom fighters was born on 28 January 1865 in an Aggarwal family in Dhudike village (now in Moga District). He was an Indian author and politician and he is chiefly remembered as a leader in the Indian fight for independence from  the British Raj. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari (Punjabi: The Lion of Punjab) or Sher-e-punjab (Urdu: The Lion of Punjab ) and was part of the Lal Bal Pal trio. He founded the Naional College, inside the Bradlaugh Hall in Lahore to impart quality education to the Indians who did not want to join British institutions. Graduates of the Naional College included Bhagat Singh. Lala Lajpat Rai and Sardar Ajit Singh whipped up a strong agitation against the Punjab  colonies Act. As a result he was deported to Mandalay in Burma in 1907. A few years later he proceeded to America and came in close contact with the Ghadarites there. He came back to India in 1920 and was elected President of INC for the next year. While he was leading a procession against the all-white Simon Commission in 1928, he was beaten by the police. He could not recover from the lathi blowss and died on 17th Noev. 1928. Bhai Maharaj Singh (Nihal Singh)

He was born in village Rabbon near Malaud, Ludhiana Distrtict in a Grewal family. Bhi Maharaj Singh’s parents named him Nihal Singh. As a young lad, he went to stay at Bhai Bir Singh’s Dera at Naurangabad where he did relentless exemplary service for many years. He took Amrit at the hands of Bhai Bir Singh and was given the name Bhagwan Singh. Bhhai Maharaj Singh, the spiritual leader and fervent Sikh nationalist, is the first freedom fighter of India of note4 who took up weapons against the British rule in 1847, ten years before the First war of Independence. Maharaj Singh revolutionary career started with the Prema conspiracy case involving him in a plot to murder the British resident, Henry Lawrence, and other pro-British officers of the Lahore. Bhai Maharaj Singh intensified his activities against the British when he came to know that Diwan Mul Raj had in April 1848 raised a standard of revolt against them at Multan. He left for Multan with 400 horsemen to join hands with Mul Raj. But soon differences arose between the two leaders and Maharaj Singh left Multan for Hazara in June 1848 to seek chatar Singh Atarivala’s assistance in his plans to dislodge the British darbar. Thereafter he took part in the battles of chelianvala and Gujrat, but when Raja Sher Singh surrendered to the British at Rawalpindi on 14 March 1849, he resolved to carry on the fight single-handed. He escaped to Jammu and made Dev Batala his secret headquaters. In December 1849, he went to Hoshiarpur and visited the Sikh regiments to enlist their support. He fought fervently till he was arrested on December 29, 1849, and imprisoned in Outram Jail Singapore where he died on 5th July 1856.

Sardar Ajit Singh (2 February 1881-15 August 1947)–

He was born at Khatkarkalan village in Jalandhar (now Nawanshahr) District, the son of Arjan singh and Jai Kaur. He was uncle of Sardar Bhagat Singh. Ajit Singh was one of the first men in the Punjab to openly show resentment of the high-handedness of the British rulers and publicly criticize the government. Even as a child he questioned the ‘Salaam’ (bowing in courtesy) that his elder grandfather did to younger men. He thought British Sahibs (masters) were ill mannered and too stupid of being able to learn to speak Punjai any better than a child. He was declared a political rebel and had to spend many years of his life in jails or in exile from India. In 1907, he was deported to Mandalay Jail in Burma along with Lala Lajpat Rai. After his release, he escaped to Iran. From there, he traveled to Rome, Geneva, Paris and Rio de Janeiro. In 1918, he came in close contact with the Ghadar Party in San Francisco. In 1939, he returned to Europe and later on helped Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in his mission in Italy. In 1946, he came back to India at the invitation of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. After spending some time in Delhi, he went to dalhousie. He breathed his last on August 15, 1947, after India got its Independence. His last words were, “Thank God, my mission is fulfilled.”

Institutional Framework:

The Punjab State Industrial Development Corporation Ltd. (PSIDC): is a Punjab Government undertaking engaged in industrial development in Punjab. It plays an important role for the promotion of large and medium scale industries helps in attarcting considerable investments in the State.

Punjab Agro Industries Corporation Ltd. (PAIC): is the premier organization of the State Government engaged in the promotion and facilitation of agro processing industries including agro processing, dairy processing, poultry processing, agro residue processing, food and horticulture processing, agro chemicals manufacturing etc. in the State. PAIC is the Nodal Agency in the state to facilitate investment in the agriculture sector.

Punjab Information and Communication Technology Corportation Limited (INFOTECH): Punjab Infotech was incorporated in 1976 as Nodal Agency of the Government of Punjab for the promotion of Electronic/IT industry in the state. Since then the Corporation has been actively engaged in promotion the state as one of the most favoured investor friendlyy destination. The Corporation has contribution towards development of Mohali as a hub for IT/Electronics/Knowledge industry.

Punjab Small Industies and Export Corporation ltd. (PSIEC): was set in 1962 as a Nodal Agency for promotion of exports and nominated agency for the implementation of Central Government Scheme known as Assistance to State for Development Export Infrastructure and Allied activities (ASIDE).

The State Government Initiatives for the development of Industrial Sector:

Industrial Policy, 2009: To overcome the global recessionary trend and to establish a congenial Industrial atmosphere in the state, the state Government has implemented the Industrial Policy, 2009. Thrust area of this policy is to play the role of facilitator and hand holder by lessening Government’s control while outsourcing the regulatory measures. Special emphasis has also been given for the development of Industrial infrastructure, implementing the industrial reforms for the existing  industries and measures for attracting new investments by providing specific  concessions for the development of Information Technology and Knowledge based Industries and Agro based industries.

Special Economic Zones Policy, 2009: State Government has also enacted a Special Economic Zone Act, 2009 to facilitate the development of Special Economic Zones in the state. Under the Act, exemptions from all state taxes, duties, cess or levies, stamp duty registration fee and social security cess on purchase of land for special Economic Zone for first transfer or release of land/plots in these areas have been provided. 17 Special Economic Zones have been approved by the Govt. of India, 2 Special Economic Zones have already been notified at Mohali. One more Special Economic Zone has been recommended to Govt. of India for approval at Mohali.

Agro Industrial Policy, 2009: State Government has a lot of agro produce. The newly enacted Agro Industrial Policy, 2009 endeavours to make Punjab, the destination of investors and processors, both global and domestic.

Fiscal Incentives for Industrial Promotion: To accelerate industrial and economic growth the State Government has implemented Fiscal Incentives for Industrial Promotion Policy 2013 under which special package of 24 concessions such as concessions on VAT & CST, stamp duty, property tax and electricity duty, has been provided for Information Technology & Knowledge Based Industries, Food Agro-based industries and Food processing Industries to boost Industrial Investments in the State.

Punjab Bureau of Investment Promotion (PBIP): For promoting ease of doing business Punjab Bureau of Investment Promotion (PBIP) has  been set up, which will act as a nodal agency to carry out the objectives of the package and to resolve and provide time bound clearance of all new investment in the state.

Progressive Punjab  Investor Summit: As part of investment campaign, 1st Progressive Punjab Investor Summit was organized in December, 2013 at the Indian School of Business, Mohali. This summit attracted investment of about Rs. 65,000  crore in textiles and engineering, information technology, agro and food processing, tourism, health, bio-sciences, infrastructure sector. This investment would generate a number of jobs in these sectors.

2nd Progressive Punjab Investor Summit was organized in October, 2015 at the Indian School of Business, Mohali. The summit was successful event and 391 MOUs were signed by various companies with the government envisaging investment of about Rs 120151 crore in manufacturing including textile and engineering, information technology, agro and food processing industries, tourism, health and life sciences, infrastructure development, bio-sciences, aerospace and defence and renewable energy.

GAIL (India) Ltd. – Gas Pipeline Project: A project for laying of Natural Gas pipeline along with developing and operating optic fiber communication system having an estimated cost of Rs. 2100 crore, is being implemented by GAIL (India) Ltd. (A Government of India Undertaking), which will further boost the industrial development of the State of Punjab. Gas Pipeline (includes 583 Km long Dadri-Bawana-Nangal pipeline will pass through the Districts of Patiala, Fatehgarh Sahib, Ludhiana, Barnala, Moga, bathinda, SBS Nagar, Hoshiarpur and Rupnagar in the State of Punjab.

MSME Punjab: Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) play a crucial role in providing large employment opportunities at comparatively lower capital cost. It also helps in industrialization of rural & backward areas, thereby, reducing regional imbalance. The MSMEs in the State are facing innumerable challenges. Thus, the State Government has decided to set up a dedicated organization “MSME Punjab” for developing and upgrading various MSME clusters to make it a highly vibrant and dynamic sector by providing common facilities in partnership with Special  Purpose Vehicles (SPVs).

A Facilitation Council has been set up under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act 2006 at Chandigarh. It functions as a State-Level Council and MSMEs visit its office to seek the council’s remedial measures for the recovery of delayed payments by medium and large industries, public sector undertakings, state and central government undertakings.

The State Government has decided to set up MSME Facilitation Councils at regional level at Ludhiana, Jalandhar. Amritsar and Patiala for providing effective facilitation services to MSME units.

Invest Punjab: The State has already set up ‘Invest Punjab’, a unified regulator vested with the powers to grant regulatory clearances  across 23 departments. The State Government has decided to expand its ambit and provide the same as the district level. For this purpose Invest Punjab Kendras are being set up in all the districts, headed by Deputy Commissioners and supported by respective General Managers of District Industries Centres. The infrastructure of DICs is being suitable upgraded and their capacity is being enhanced to play a proactive role in facilitating growth of industries. These Invest Punjab Centres would facilitate investment promotion, regulatory clearances, fiscal incentives, MSME support, startup and entrepreneurship, grievance redressal and others.

E-Industry Portal: The State Government has also decided to set up an e-Industry Portal for enabling online transactions for  all industry related transactions across multiple departments and agencies. The government would reengineer the processes of core departments connected with industrial development and growth so as to make them extremely simple and easy to follow.

Startup and Entrepreneurship: are crucial for future growth of State’s economy. The State Government has decided to start a strong Startup movement and Entrepreneurship development to unleash the creative and innovative streak of its new generation. The State Government has decided to set up Technology Business Incubator (TBI) at Punjab Agriculture University (PAU) and Livelihood Business Incubators (LBIs) in 4 district, namely Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Bathinda, and Fazilka. In order to encourage startup and innovation in the State, the State would set up a dedicated fund to be managed in partnership with private sectors for finding startups based out of Punjab in focused areas.

Industrial Parks: Following efforts are being done by the State Government in setting up sector specific Industrial Parks.

  1. Integrated Mixed Use Industrial Park is being developed at Kapurthala.
  2. Footware Design & Development Institute (FDDI) at Banur, District Mohali is being set up.
  3. Leather Apparel Park is  being established at Bahur, District Mohali.
  4. Sports Goods Park is being set up at Jalandhar.
  5. Two Plastic Parks are being established at Bathinda and Ludhiana.
  6. New Cargo Exports Centre is being set up at  Mohali.
  7. IT and ESDM Park is being established at Rajpura.

State Government has also been pursuing with Government of India for approval of Cluster Projects industry and enable them to do cost cutting for competing in the global market.

Project for Hand Tools Cluster at Jalandhar and Project for Fondry and Machine Tools Cluster at Batala have been approved by Government of India.

The Government of India has approved two Mega  Food Parks for the state. One of which would be set up by Punjab Agro Industries Corporation (PAIC) near Ludhiana and the second is coming up in private sector at Phargwara.

Effluent Treatment Plants: State Government has taken the initiatives of cleaning the rivers in the State and to ensure that no industrial effluents mix with the river water.

  1. For this purpose World’s largest Common Effluent Treatment Plant of 115 MLD capacity is being set up at Tajpur road, Ludhiana for dyeing industry.
  2. Common Effluent Treatment Plant of 15 MLD capacity is being set up at Bahadur-ke road in Ludhiana.
  3. Common Effluent Treatment Plant of 3.3 MLD capacity is being set up for Electroplanting Industry at Ludhiana.
  4. 2 common Effluent Treatment Plants with capacity of 1.5 MLD and 5 MLD have been set up at Leather Complex, Jalandhar for leather industry.

To allievate the financing difficulties faced by micro and small entrepreneurs, the State Government has proposed to launch an ‘Entrepreneurship Development Programme’ for a period of five years. Under this programme an interest subvention at the rate of 3% will be provided on loan taken to set up a micro or small enterprise with investment of up to Rs. 5 crore.

Hi-Tech Cycle Valley: To put cycle and cycle parts industry on a high growth trajectory, the state government has decided to set up a High Tech Cycle Valley in Ludhiana with state of the are infrastructure,  common facilities for effluent treatment, design facilities, convention and exhibition centre, warehousing and logistic services amongst other facilities.

To restore the prominence of Amritsar as a trading centre, a logistics is being developed Amritsar.

North Indian Institute of Fashion Technology (NIIFT), Ludhiana is being upgraded as a Centre of Excellence for garmenting and high fashion.

In order to encourage Women Entrepreneurs, the state government has decided to launch a special scheme, WISH (Women Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Sart ups and Handholding).

An exhibition cum convention centre is being set up at Ludhiana in PPP mode in partnership with the industry.

Punjab Corporate Social Responsibility Authority (PCSRA): The State Government has decided to set up a Punjab Corporate Social Responsibility Authority (PCSRA) to create a sustainable mechanism to channelize the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) contributions form various Government Public Sector Undertakings as well as Private Sector Companies for optimum utilization of the CSR Fund through its convergence with the soctorial priorities of the government.